Estelle Louise Fletcher (born July 22, 1934) is an Academy Award winning, American film and television actress. She is best known in the film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest which earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress, BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role and Golden Globe Award for Best Actress. She appeared in other films such as Exorcist II: The Heretic, Brainstorm, Firestarter and Flowers in the Attic.
She was born in Birmingham, Alabama, to Estelle and Robert Fletcher, the second child of four children. Both of her parents were deaf. She was introduced to performing at a young age by her aunt who taught her to speak.