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Tank Girl

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{{Infobox_film|name = Tank Girl|image = Tank Girl 1995 Poster.jpg}}'''''Tank Girl''''' is a 1995 American [[science fiction film]] directed by [[Rachel Talalay]].
|name = Tank Girl
|image = Tank Girl 1995 Poster.jpg
| caption = Theatrical release poster
| director = [[Rachel Talalay]]
| producer = {{Plainlist|
* [[Richard B. Lewis]]
* [[Pen Densham]]
* [[John Watson (film producer)|John Watson]]
| screenplay = [[Tedi Sarafian]]
| based on = {{Based on|[[Tank Girl]]||[[Alan Martin (writer)|Alan Martin]]|[[Jamie Hewlett]]}}
| starring = {{Plainlist|
* [[Lori Petty]]
* [[Ice-T]]
* [[Naomi Watts]]
* [[Malcolm McDowell]]
| music = [[Graeme Revell]]
| cinematography = [[Gale Tattersall]]
| editing = James R. Symons
| studio = Trilogy Entertainment Group
| distributor = [[United Artists]]
| released = {{Film date|1995|03|31|United States}}
| runtime = 104 minutes<!--Theatrical runtime: 104:06--><ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=November 9, 2014 |title=Tank Girl |work=[[British Board of Film Classification]] |date=April 13, 1995 |accessdate=February 9, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref>
| country = United States
| language = English
| budget = $25 million<ref name="mojo"/>
| gross = $6 million<ref name="mojo"/><ref name=international/>
}}'''''Tank Girl''''' is a 1995 American [[science fiction film]] directed by [[Rachel Talalay]].
<!-- Please do not add a 'Cast' section. As per MOS:FILM, film article's do not necessarily have to have Cast sections. In the case of this article, it was agreed the Cast section would be merged with the plot. -->
In 2022, a comet strikes Earth, causing a drought that is still ongoing in 2033, the year in which the film is set. Most of the little remaining water is controlled by Kesslee ([[Malcolm McDowell]]) and his Water & Power (W&P) corporation, which controls the population by monopolising the water supply. Rebecca Buck – "Tank Girl" ([[Lori Petty]]) – is a member of a commune in the Australian [[outback]] that operates the last [[water well]] not controlled by the corporation. In an attack on the commune, W&P troops kill Tank Girl's boyfriend, Richard ([[Brian Wimmer]]), and capture Tank Girl and her young friend Sam (Stacy Linn Ramsower). Rather than killing her, Kesslee enslaves and tortures the defiant Tank Girl. Jet Girl ([[Naomi Watts]]), a talented but [[Extraversion and introversion|introverted]] jet mechanic who has given up trying to escape W&P, urges Tank Girl to make less trouble for their captors, though Tank Girl refuses. Among other forms of torture, W&P personnel push her down into a long pipe to induce [[claustrophobia]].
The mysterious Rippers slaughter guards at the W&P compound, then escape. Kesslee uses Tank Girl to lure the Rippers into the open, but they gravely wound him. Tank Girl and Jet Girl escape during the attack. Jet Girl steals a fighter jet from W&P and Tank Girl steals a tank, which she modifies heavily. The girls learn from the eccentric Sub Girl ([[Ann Cusack]]) that Sam is working at a sex club called Liquid Silver. They infiltrate the club, rescue Sam from a [[Pedophilia|pedophile]], Rat Face ([[Iggy Pop]]), and then humiliate the club's owner, "The Madame" ([[Ann Magnuson]]), by making her sing [[Cole Porter]]'s "[[Let's Do It, Let's Fall in Love|Let's Do It]]" at gunpoint. W&P troops break up the performance and recapture Sam. Tank Girl and Jet Girl wander the desert and find the Rippers' hideout. They learn that the Rippers are [[supersoldier]]s created from human and kangaroo [[DNA]] by a man called Johnny Prophet. Tank Girl befriends a Ripper named Booga ([[Jeff Kober]]), while a Ripper named Donner ([[Scott Coffey]]) shows romantic interest in Jet Girl. Despite the objections of the Ripper T-Saint ([[Ice-T]]), who is suspicious of the girls, the Rippers' leader Deetee ([[Reg E. Cathey]]) sends the pair out to capture a shipment of weapons. The girls bring the weapons crates back, though most of them are empty. After finding Johnny Prophet dead in one of the containers, the girls and the Rippers realize that W&P has tricked them.
The girls and the Rippers sneak into W&P, where they are ambushed. Kesslee, whose body had been reconstructed by the cybernetic surgeon Che'tsai ([[James Hong]]), reveals that Tank Girl has unknowingly been [[Covert listening device|bugged]]. Deetee sacrifices himself damaging the generator, and in the darkness the Rippers turn the tide of the battle. Jet Girl kills Sergeant Small ([[Donald Patrick Harvey|Don Harvey]]), who had earlier sexually harassed her. Kesslee reveals that Sam is in the pipe, her life endangered by rising water. Tank Girl kills Kesslee, then pulls Sam out of the pipe. The film ends with an animated sequence showing water starting to flow freely. Tank Girl drives down rapids, pulling Booga behind on water skis, then takes them over a waterfall, shouting for joy.
<!-- Please do not add a 'Cast' section. As per MOS:FILM, film article's do not necessarily have to have Cast sections. In the case of this article, it was agreed the Cast section would be merged with the plot. -->
<!-- Please do not add a 'Cast' section. As per MOS:FILM, film article's do not necessarily have to have Cast sections. In the case of this article, it was agreed the Cast section would be merged with the plot. -->
[[File:Lori Petty.jpg|thumb|upright|Lori Petty, who played the title role in ''Tank Girl'', in 2008|alt=A photograph of a middle-aged woman with short, messy hair, wearing glasses and a light blue T-shirt]]
Writing in the 1997 book ''Trash Aesthetics: Popular Culture and Its Audience'', Deborah Cartmell states that while the comic showed Tank Girl to be "unheroic or even [an] accidental [[antihero]]", the film sets her up with "classic western generic" emotional and moral justifications for her liberation and revenge on W&P, as she witnesses the slaughter of her boyfriend and her "trusty steed". She also sees one of the commune's children being abducted, and is herself captured and enslaved. Cartmell also says Tank Girl holds parallels with other "contemporary '[[Postfeminism|postfeminist]]' icons", as she displays dominant female sexuality and a "familiarity and knowing coolness of 'outlawed' modes of sexuality", such as [[masturbation]], [[sadomasochism]] and lesbianism.{{sfn|Cartmell|1997|pages=41–43}}
In her 2006 book ''The Modern Amazons: Warrior Women On-Screen'', [[Dominique Mainon]] writes that the film has [[The Establishment|antiestablishment]] themes and, unlike many comic-book adaptation films which feature "gratuitous sexual objectification" of women, ''Tank Girl'' stands out as being "stridently feminist", with the exception of the "cliché victim/avenger complex".{{sfn|Mainon|2006|page=157}} According to Mainon, the film makes fun of female stereotypes, as shown by Tank Girl's repeated emasculation of Kesslee with witty comebacks while she is being tortured, and by her response to the computer training device telling her how to present herself to men at the Liquid Silver club. The device provides seductive clothing and tells Tank Girl to remove her body hair and to wear make-up and a wig. Tank Girl completely ignores the advice and modifies the clothes to create her own style.{{sfn|Mainon|2006|page=159}}
In the 2011 book ''Cult Cinema'', Ernest Mathijs and Jamie Sexton discuss the issue of whether cult films purported to be feminist were truly feminist or "partly the effect of the performance of feminist attitudes in its reception". The authors consider ''Tank Girl'' to be a "'real' feminist cult film", as opposed to the feminist cult films of [[Kathryn Bigelow]] and [[Catherine Hardwicke]], which they consider to be too masculine and too eager to cater to "hetero-normativity", respectively.{{sfn|Mathijs & Sexton|2011}}
[[File:Tank Girl open casting.jpg|thumb|upright|An advertisement seeking applicants to star as Tank Girl|alt=A black and white newspaper advertisement, with the main text "Are You Tank Girl"]]
In 1988, about a year after the launch of the ''Tank Girl'' comic in the British magazine ''Deadline'', its publisher, Tom Astor, began looking for a studio interested in making a film adaptation. While several studios, including [[New Line Cinema]], expressed interest, progress was slow.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=16}} Rachel Talalay's stepdaughter gave her a ''Tank Girl'' comic to read while she was shooting her directorial debut film, ''[[Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare]]'' (released in 1991). Talalay read the comic between takes and became interested in directing a ''Tank Girl'' film.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=17}} She contacted Astor and, after hearing nothing for almost a year, was about to give up trying to secure the rights when he gave her permission to make the film.<ref name=commentary>{{cite AV media |people=[[Rachel Talalay]] |year=2013 |title=Director's commentary |medium=Tank Girl Blu-ray}}</ref> Talalay pitched the film to [[Amblin Entertainment]] and [[Columbia Pictures]], which both turned it down. Talalay turned down an offer from [[The Walt Disney Company|Disney]], as she did not believe the studio would allow the levels of violence and the sexual references the plot required.<ref name=commentary/> An offer from [[Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|MGM]] was accepted.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=20}} Talalay worked closely with the ''Tank Girl'' comic's co-creators Alan Martin and Jamie Hewlett during the film's production, and selected Catherine Hardwicke to be the production designer. The studio was unhappy with Hardwicke, who was relatively unknown at the time, being chosen over more experienced designers, and Talalay had to meet with the producers to persuade them to allow Hardwicke to work on the project.<ref name=toohip /> [[Tedi Sarafian]] wrote the screenplay, which marked his debut production credit,<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=July 21, 2015 |title=20: Tedi Sarafian – Writer/Director |date=December 5, 2014 |work=The Doorpost Project |access-date=July 22, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> and [[Gale Tattersall]] was chosen as [[cinematographer]].<ref name=brash/> Believing that MGM would not allow the depiction of a [[Bestiality|bestial]] relationship in the film, the romance between Tank Girl and Booga was only written into the second or third version of the script, after the character was already established in the minds of people involved in the production. By this stage, Booga: "was a character and not just a kangaroo [so] it wasn't an issue anymore."{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=21}}
MGM held open casting sessions in London, Los Angeles, and New York for the role of Tank Girl. According to Talalay, some were skeptical of the open casting, thinking that it was a publicity stunt. This was true to an extent, as she had been asking the studio to cast a well-known English actress, [[Emily Lloyd]]. Talalay says she fired Lloyd after she refused to cut her hair for the role.<ref name=toohip>{{cite AV media |people=[[Rachel Talalay]] |year=2013 |title=Too Hip For Spielberg: An interview with Director Rachel Talalay |medium=Blu-ray featurette}}</ref><ref name=den/> Lloyd, who had spent four months training for the role, disputes this, saying she simply rescheduled her appointment with the film's hair stylist to the following day, after which Talalay fired her for "being difficult".{{sfn|Lloyd|2014|page=142}} Talalay cast Lori Petty, an American, because "she is crazy in her own life and [the film] needed somebody like that."{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=33}} MGM faxed ''Deadline'' asking them for an "ideal cast" list; they selected Malcolm McDowell for Kesslee, but never believed MGM would actually contact him.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=34}} McDowell has spoken favorably of his experience working on the film, saying it had the "same flavour" as ''[[A Clockwork Orange (film)|A Clockwork Orange]]'', and praised Talalay and Petty.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=39}} Talalay was approached by several people who wanted [[Cameo appearance|cameos]] in the film, but she did not want the film to be overshadowed by such appearances. Two cameos were settled on – Iggy Pop was given the role of Rat Face, and [[Björk]] was offered Sub Girl. She later dropped out, her character's scenes were rewritten, and the role was then given to Ann Cusack.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=35}}
''Tank Girl'' was filmed over 16 weeks,{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=78}} in three locations; desert scenes were filmed in White Sands, New Mexico, the Liquid Silver club set was built at an abandoned shopping mall in [[Phoenix, Arizona]],{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=55}} and all remaining scenes were filmed within 40 miles of Tucson, Arizona.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=79}} Many scenes were filmed in an abandoned [[Open-pit mining|open-pit mine]], where filming had to be halted one day due to a chemical leak. Permission was received to film the water pipe scenes at the [[Titan Missile Museum]], near the mine, but the day before shooting, permission was withdrawn. These scenes were filmed, instead, in a tunnel at the abandoned mine. New sets were often found by simply searching the mine.<ref name=chaos>{{cite AV media |people=[[Catherine Hardwicke]] |year=2013 |title=Creative Chaos: Designing the World of Tank Girl with Production Designer Catherine Hardwicke |medium=Blu-ray featurette}}</ref> [[Principal photography]] was completed on September{{nbsp}}27, 1994,<ref name=toohip/> two days over schedule, though still within the original budget.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=86}}
[[File:Tank Girl film tank.jpg|thumb|left|The tank as seen in the film, which featured accessories ranging from lawn chairs to rocket launchers{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=59}} The rear section of a 1969 [[Cadillac Eldorado]] is visible at the back of the tank.|alt=A screenshot of a heavily modified and accessorised army tank]]
In the comics, the Rippers are considerably more kangaroo-like. However, Talalay wanted real actors rather than stuntmen in suits playing the roles. She asked Hewlett to redesign the Rippers to make them more human, allowing them to have the actual actors' facial expressions.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=34}} Requests were sent out to "all the major make-up and effects people", including Stan Winston, whose prior work included [[Terminator (franchise)|the ''Terminator'' films]], ''[[Aliens (film)|Aliens]]'' and ''[[Jurassic Park (film)|Jurassic Park]]''. Talalay said that while she considered Winston to be the best, she did not expect to hear back from him.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=62}} When she did, she still did not think that she would be able to afford his studio on her budget. A meeting was arranged and Winston insisted on being given the project, saying the Rippers would be: "the best characters we've had the opportunity to do."{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=63}} Winston's studio cut their usual prices in half to meet the film's budget.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=63}} Eight Rippers featured in the film: half were given principal roles, the others were mainly in the background. Each Ripper had articulated ears and tails which were activated by remote control, and the background Rippers also had mechanical snouts which could be activated either by remote control or by the movement of the actors' mouths.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|pages=68–69}} Each Ripper's make-up took about four hours to apply. Three technicians from Winston's studio were required to work on each Ripper's articulations during filming; no puppets or digital effects were used for the Rippers.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|page=82}}
The tank used in the film is a modified [[M3 Stuart#Variants|M5A1 Stuart]]. It was purchased from the government of Peru about 12 years prior to filming and had already been used in several films. Among numerous modifications made for ''Tank Girl'', the tank's 37&nbsp;mm antitank gun was covered with a modified flag pole to give the appearance of a 105&nbsp;mm gun. An entire 1969 [[Cadillac Eldorado]] was added onto the tank, with the rear section welded at the back and the [[Fender (vehicle)|fender]] welded to the front.{{sfn|Wynne|1995|pages=58–59}}
A "naked Ripper suit" incorporating a prosthetic penis was created for Booga and used in a filmed [[Sexual intercourse|postcoital]] scene which was removed from the final version of the film at the studio's insistence.<ref name=commentary /> Deborah Cartmell described the "postcoital scene" in the final version, which featured Booga fully clothed, as "carefully edited".{{sfn|Cartmell|1997|page=43}} Against Talalay's wishes, the studio made several other edits to the film. The scene in which Kesslee tortures Tank Girl was cut heavily on the grounds that she appeared "too ugly" while being tortured. Also cut was a scene showing Tank Girl's bedroom, which was shown to be decorated with dozens of [[dildo]]s, and a scene in which she places a condom on a banana before throwing it at a soldier. The role of Sub Girl was originally intended to be larger; at least two scenes featuring the character were cut from the film, including her appearance in the original ending. The studio cut the original ending, a live-action scene in which it begins to rain; the film was to have ended with Tank Girl burping.<ref name=commentary />
{{Infobox album
| name = Tank Girl Original Soundtrack
| type = soundtrack
| artist = Various artists
| cover =
| alt =
| released = March 28, 1995
| recorded = 1994
| venue =
| studio =
| genre = [[Alternative rock]]
| length = 41:58
| label = [[Warner Bros. Records]]<br>[[Elektra Records]]
| producer = Various artists
| prev_title =
| prev_year =
| next_title =
| next_year =
The film's soundtrack was assembled by [[Courtney Love]];<ref name=ew>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=February 9, 2015 |title=Tank Girl review |author=Gleiberman, Owen |author-link=Owen Gleiberman |date=April 14, 1995 |work=[[Entertainment Weekly]] |accessdate=February 9, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref>{{sfn|Barcella|2012|page=130}} [[Graeme Revell]] composed the original music.<ref name=brash>{{cite web |last=Maslin |first=Janet |url= |title=Movie Review – Tank Girl; Brash and Buzz-Cut Atop Her Beloved Tank |archiveurl= |archivedate=November 9, 2014 |work=[[The New York Times]] |date=March 31, 1995 |accessdate=October 28, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> Love's band [[Hole (band)|Hole]] contributed the song "Drown Soda". [[Greg Graffin]] from [[Bad Religion]] was originally supposed to sing the duet of "Let's Do It, Let's Fall in Love" with [[Joan Jett]], but due to contractual restrictions he was replaced by [[Paul Westerberg]] from [[The Replacements (band)|the Replacements]]. [[Devo]] recorded a new version of their song "[[Girl U Want]]" specifically for the film, as they were big fans of the comic.<ref name=rosen>{{cite journal |last=Rosen |first=Craig |date=March 25, 1995 |title='Tank Girl' Set shoots From Hip |url= |journal=[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]] |volume=107 |issue=12 |pages=10, 44 |accessdate=March 17, 2015}}</ref> "Girl U Want" plays in the film's opening sequence, featuring the singing of Jula Bell from [[Bulimia Banquet]];<ref name=intro>{{cite AV media |year=2013 |title=Tank Girl |medium=Blu-ray |publisher=[[Shout! Factory]] |time=0:00:00–0:02:33}}</ref> this version with Bell is in the film but not on the soundtrack album. The soundtrack featured Björk's song "[[Army of Me (Björk song)|Army of Me]]" before it was released as a single. Because of the box-office failure of the film, both Björk and [[Elektra Records|her label]] decided not to use footage from the film in the song's accompanying music video.<ref name=declined>{{cite journal |last=Atwood |first=Brett |date=May 13, 1995 |title=Elektra's Bjork Putting A Love Letter in The 'Post' |url=|journal=[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]] |volume=107 |issue=19 |pages=17–18 |accessdate=March 17, 2015}}</ref>
The song "Mockingbird Girl" by the Magnificent Bastards (a [[side project]] of [[Scott Weiland]]) was recorded specifically for the album after Love approached Weiland asking if he would like to contribute a song.<ref>{{cite journal |last=Azzerad |first=Michael |date=August 1995 |title=Peace, Love, and Understanding |url=|journal=[[Spin (magazine)|Spin]] |pages=57 |volume=11 |issue=5 |access-date=March 17, 2015}}</ref> The single's cover showed the torso and thighs of an animated character resembling Tank Girl and featured the tracks "Ripper Sole" and "Girl U Want" from the album. In the United States, it peaked at No.{{nbsp}}27 on the [[Mainstream Rock (chart)|Mainstream Rock]] chart and No.{{nbsp}}12 on the [[Alternative Songs|Modern Rock Tracks]] chart.<ref name=billboard>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=July 8, 2012 |title=Tank Girl Awards |publisher=[[AllMusic]] |access-date=March 17, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> The song "2¢" by [[Beowülf]] also appears in the film; Talalay lobbied [[Restless Records]] to have the song included on the soundtrack but was unsuccessful. Instead, she directed the music video for the song, which featured both animated and live-action footage from the film.<ref>{{cite journal |date=April 8, 1995 |title=Tank Attack |url=|journal=[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]] |volume=107 |issue=14 |pages=53 |accessdate=March 18, 2015|author1=Nielsen Business Media |first1=Inc }}</ref>
The soundtrack album was released on March{{nbsp}}28, 1995, by [[Warner Bros. Records]] and [[Elektra Records]]. It peaked at number{{nbsp}}72 on the [[Billboard 200|''Billboard'' 200]].<ref name=billboard /> The next week, ''[[New York (magazine)|New York]]'' magazine wrote that the soundtrack was getting more attention than the film itself.<ref>{{cite journal |date=April 3, 1995 |title=Tank Girl |url= |journal=[[New York (magazine)|New York]] |volume=28 |issue=14 |page=86 |accessdate=March 9, 2015|author1=New York Media |first1=LLC}}</ref> However, Ron Hancock of [[Tower Records]] stated that sales of the album were disappointing and attributed this to the financial failure of the film.<ref name=declined /> Owen Gleiberman spoke favorably of the soundtrack,<ref name=ew /> as did Laura Barcella writing in the book ''The End'', describing it as a "who's who of '90s female rock."{{sfn|Barcella|2012|page=130}} [[Stephen Thomas Erlewine]] of ''[[Allmusic]]'' said the album was "much better than the film", awarding it three out of five stars.<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=November 20, 2013 |title=Original Soundtrack: Tank Girl |last=Erlewine |first=Stephen Thoma |publisher=[[AllMusic]] |accessdate=March 17, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref>
{{Track listing
| extra_column = Recording artist(s)
| total_length = 41:58
| title1 = Ripper Sole
| extra1 = [[Stomp (dance troupe)|Stomp!]]
| length1 = 1:42
| title2 = Army of Me
| extra2 = [[Björk]]
| length2 = 3:56
| title3 = Girl U Want
| extra3 = [[Devo]]
| length3 = 3:51
| title4 = Mockingbird Girl
| extra4 = [[The Magnificent Bastards]]
| length4 = 3:30
| title5 = Shove
| extra5 = [[L7 (band)|L7]]
| length5 = 3:11
| title6 = Drown Soda
| extra6 = [[Hole (band)|Hole]]
| length6 = 3:50
| title7 = Bomb
| extra7 = [[Bush (band)|Bush]]
| length7 = 3:23
| title8 = Roads
| extra8 = [[Portishead (band)|Portishead]]
| length8 = 5:04
| title9 = [[Let's Do It, Let's Fall in Love]]
| extra9 = [[Joan Jett]] and [[Paul Westerberg]]
| length9 = 2:23
| title10 = Thief
| extra10 = [[Belly (band)|Belly]]
| length10 = 3:12
| title11 = Aurora
| extra11 = [[Veruca Salt (band)|Veruca Salt]]
| length11 = 4:03
| title12 = Big Gun
| extra12 = [[Ice-T]]
| length12 = 3:54
===Other songs in the film===
* "B-A-B-Y" by [[Rachel Sweet]]<ref name=songs>{{cite AV media |year=2013 |title=Tank Girl |medium=Blu-ray |publisher=[[Shout! Factory]] |time=1:42:35}}</ref>
* "[[Big Time Sensuality]]" by Björk<ref name=songs/>
* "[[Blank Generation (song)|Blank Generation]]" by [[Richard Hell and the Voidoids]]<ref name=songs/>
* "Disconnected" by [[Face to Face (punk band)|Face to Face]]<ref>{{cite journal |last=Gold |first=Jonathan |date=August 1995 |title=Throw Another Punk on the Barby |url=|journal=[[Spin (magazine)|Spin]] |page=26 |volume=11 |issue=5 |access-date=March 17, 2015}}</ref>
* "Shipwrecked" by [[Sky Cries Mary]]<ref name=songs/>
* "Theme from [[Shaft (1971 film)|Shaft]]" by [[Isaac Hayes]]<ref name=commentary />
* "2¢" by [[Beowülf]]<ref name=songs/>
* "Wild, Wild, Thing" by [[Iggy Pop]]<ref name=songs/>
===Initial screening and box office===
[[File:Malcolm McDowell Cannes 2011.jpg|thumb|upright|[[Malcolm McDowell]], who portrayed the film's main villain Kesslee, in 2011|alt=A blue-eyed, white-haired man of about 70, smiling]]
''Tank Girl'' premiered at the [[TCL Chinese Theatre|Mann Chinese Theatre]] on March{{nbsp}}30, 1995. Approximately 1,500 people attended the screening, including Talalay, Petty, {{nowrap|Ice-T}}, McDowell, Watts, and several other actors from the film, as well as [[Rebecca De Mornay]], [[Lauren Tom]], [[Brendan Fraser]] and [[Jason Simmons]]. Men in W&P costumes handed out bottles of mineral water, and girls dressed in Liquid Silver outfits gave out [[Astro Pops]], candy cigarettes, and ''Tank Girl'' candy necklaces. About 400 people attended the official after-party at the [[Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel]].<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=RSVP : Tanked Up at Moocher's Paradise |archiveurl= |archivedate=May 10, 2015 |last=Ehran |first=Mark |date=April 3, 1995 |work=[[Los Angeles Times]] |access-date=May 9, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> The film opened in cinemas across the United States the following day.<ref name="mojo"/>
''Tank Girl'' opened in 1,341 theatres in the United States bringing in $2,018,183 in its first weekend<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=June 25, 2015 |title=Tank Girl (R) |work=BOXOFFICE |access-date=June 25, 2015 |url-status=dead |df=mdy-all }}</ref> and $2,684,430 at the end of its first week of release. By the end of its second week, ''Tank Girl'' had made only $3,668,762. Its final gross in the United States was $4,064,495.<ref name="mojo">{{cite web |url= |title=Tank Girl |publisher= [[Box Office Mojo]] |accessdate=February 9, 2015|archiveurl=|archivedate=October 15, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> Internationally, the film added approximately $2,000,000 to that total,<ref name=international>{{cite web |url= |title='Batman's' boffo B.O. in Britain |date=July 24, 1995 |work=[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]] |access-date=July 14, 2015|archiveurl=|archivedate=October 15, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> against a production budget of $25 million.<ref name=mojo/>
===Critical reception===
The website [[Rotten Tomatoes]], which categorizes reviews as positive or negative, surveyed 40 critics and determined that 40% of the reviews were positive with an average rating of 4.89/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "While unconventional, ''Tank Girl'' isn't particularly clever or engaging, and none of the script's copious one-liners have any real zing."<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Tank Girl (1995) |publisher=[[Fandango Media]] |work=[[Rotten Tomatoes]] |accessdate=February 11, 2020 |archiveurl= |archivedate=February 11, 2020 |url-status=live}}</ref> On [[Metacritic]] the film has a weighted average score of 46 out of 100, based on reviews from 23 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".<ref name="metacritic">{{cite web |title= Tank Girl |url= |website=[[Metacritic]] |accessdate=September 11, 2019}}</ref> Audiences surveyed by [[CinemaScore]] gave the film a grade B on scale of A to F.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title= Tank Girl (1995) B|work= [[CinemaScore]] |url-status= dead |archive-url= |archive-date= December 20, 2018}}</ref>
Lamar Hafildason of the [[BBC]] gave the film one out of five stars, saying: "Sadly, the BBC does not pay out for one-word reviews. If it did, then this review would read simply: 'tiresome'."<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=December 27, 2009 |title=Tank Girl (1995) |last=Haflidason |first=Almar |date=November 26, 2013 |publisher=[[BBC]] |accessdate=June 23, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> In 2001, Matt Brunson from [[Creative Loafing]] gave the film one and a half stars out of four concluding: "a rockin' soundtrack&nbsp;... and a peek at Watts early in her career are the only ingredients saving this from a bomb rating."<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=April 8, 2014 |title=All the President's Men, Assault on Precinct 13, Red 2 among new home entertainment titles |last=Brunson |first=Matt |date=June 26, 2001 |publisher=[[BBC]] |accessdate=June 23, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> [[Roger Ebert]] gave the film two out of four stars. While praising the film's ambition and energy, he said he could not "care about it for much more than a moment at a time, and after a while its manic energy wore [him] down."<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=February 9, 2015 |title=Tank Girl review |last=Ebert |first= Roger |date=March 31, 1995 |work=[[Chicago Sun-Times]] |accessdate=February 9, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref>
[[Owen Gleiberman]] gave the film a C– rating, praising Petty's performance which he said was the only good part of an otherwise "amateurish" film.<ref name=ew /> [[Jonathan Rosenbaum]] and [[Janet Maslin]] gave moderately positive reviews, with Rosenbaum concluding: "unless you're a preteen boy who hates girls, it's funnier and a lot more fun than ''[[Batman Forever]]''."<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=April 2, 2015 |title=Tank Girl |last=Rosenbaum |first=Jonathan |author-link=Jonathan Rosenbaum |work=[[Chicago Reader]] |access-date=March 17, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> Maslin wrote: "Chief among its strong points is Lori Petty, a buzz-cut fashion plate in a [[Fluoxetine|Prozac]] necklace, who brings the necessary gusto to Tank Girl's flippancy."<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=November 9, 2014 |title=Tank Girl (1995) |last=Maslin |first=Janet |author-link=Janet Maslin |date=March 31, 1995 |work=[[The New York Times]] |access-date=June 23, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> Leonard Klady from ''[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]]'' gave a mixed review, saying: "What's missing from the mix is an engaging story to bind together its intriguing bits. And Lori Petty as 'Tank Girl'&nbsp;... has the spunk but, sadly, not the heart of the post-apocalyptic heroine."<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=July 3, 2015 |title=Review: 'Tank Girl' |last=Klady |first=Leonard |date=March 29, 1995 |work=[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]] |access-date=June 23, 2015}}</ref>
===Home media===
''Tank Girl'' was released on DVD by [[Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|MGM]] on April{{nbsp}}10, 2001.<ref>{{cite web|archiveurl= |archivedate=November 2, 2015 |url= |title=Tank Girl |work=[[]] |access-date=October 28, 2015 |url-status=live }}</ref> Aaron Beierle from [[DVD Talk]] gave the DVD three and a half stars out of five for both video and audio quality, though only half a star for special features, noting that only the original trailer was included.<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=April 2, 2015 |title=Tank Girl |last=Beierle |first=Aaron |work=[[DVD Talk]] |access-date=March 17, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref>
[[Shout! Factory]] acquired the rights to several MGM films, including ''Tank Girl'', and subsequently released a US [[Blu-ray]] version on November{{nbsp}}19, 2013. Special features included the original trailer, a 'Making of' featurette, a [[Audio commentary|commentary track]] with Petty and Talalay, and interviews with Talalay, Petty and Hardwicke. Jeffrey Kauffman from gave the version four stars out of five for audio and video quality and three stars for special features.<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=November 3, 2014 |title=Tank Girl Blu-ray |last=Kauffman |first=Jeffrey |date=November 8, 2013 | |accessdate=March 17, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> M. Enois Duarte from gave the version three and a half stars out of five for video quality, four stars for audio quality, and two and a half stars for extras.<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=April 2, 2015 |title=Tank Girl: Collector's Edition |last=Duarte |first=M. Enois |date=November 14, 2013 |work=High-Def Digest |accessdate=March 17, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> The blu-ray has not been released internationally.
==Legacy and related media==
[[File:Tank Girl cosplayer.jpg|thumb|left|A ''Tank Girl'' [[cosplay]]er in 2014|alt=A young woman dressed as Tank Girl sitting down smoking a cigarette]]
To boost its declining readership, ''Deadline'' featured Tank Girl on its cover many times in 1994 and 1995 in anticipation of the film's release. Subsequently, Tom Astor said the release of the film: "was very helpful, but it did not make up the difference, it lost some of its cult appeal without gaining any mainstream credibility."{{sfn|Shirley|2005|page=255}} The magazine ceased publication in late 1995.{{sfn|Shirley|2005|page=257}} Alan Martin and Jamie Hewlett have since spoken negatively of their experiences creating the film, calling it "a bit of a sore point" for them.<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=October 28, 2013 |title=Alan Martin on Tank Girl |work=sci-fi online |accessdate=February 9, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> "The script was lousy," Hewlett recalled, "me and Alan kept rewriting it and putting ''[[Grange Hill]]'' jokes and [[Benny Hill]] jokes in, and they obviously weren't getting it. They forgot to film about ten major scenes so we had to animate them&nbsp;... it was a horrible experience."<ref>{{cite web|url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=March 24, 2010 |title=Jamie Hewlett interview |last=Fairs |first=Marcus |date=June 2006 |work=[[Icon (architecture magazine)|Icon Magazine]] |accessdate=February 21, 2010 |url-status=dead }}</ref> Talalay complained that the studio interfered significantly in the story, screenplay, and feel of the film.<ref name=stomp>{{cite web | url= | archiveurl= | archivedate=July 15, 2014 | title=Tank Girl Stomps Hollywood | author=Bates, John K |date=December 1, 1994 |work=[[Wired (magazine)|Wired]] |accessdate=February 9, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Tank Girl Movie: The Outtakes |last1=Talalay |first1=Rachel |author-link1=Rachel Talalay |last2=Rosenberg |first2=Bob |work=Tank Girl |accessdate=February 9, 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url= | title=A Q&A with Rachel Talalay | archiveurl= | archivedate=December 31, 2005 |date=March 25, 2005 | work=Nightmare on Elm Street Companion | accessdate=February 21, 2010 |url-status=dead}}</ref> She said that she had been "in sync" and on good terms with Martin and Hewlett until the studio made significant cuts to the film, which she had no control over.<ref name=commentary /> [[Peter Milligan]] wrote an adaptation comic in 1995,<ref>{{cite web |archiveurl= |archivedate=July 23, 2015 |url= |title=Tank girl |work=[[Open Library]] |access-date=July 22, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> and a novelization of the film by [[Martin Millar (writer)|Martin Millar]] was published in 1996.<ref>{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=July 22, 2015 |title=Tank Girl: Novelisation |work=[[Open Library]] |accessdate=July 22, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref> In 2008, Talalay was negotiating with Sony to obtain the rights to direct a Tank Girl [[Reboot (fiction)|reboot film]]. Obtaining the rights was said to be a difficult process, due to legal issues of propriety related to the acquisition of MGM and United Artists by Sony and other companies.<ref name=den>{{cite web |url= |title=Rachel Talalay for Tank Girl reboot |last=Anderson |first=Martin |date=August 5, 2008 |work=[[Dennis Publishing|Den of Geek!]] |archiveurl= |archivedate=May 5, 2018 |url-status=live |df=mdy-all }}</ref>
Despite being a critical and commercial failure, ''Tank Girl'' is often said to have a [[cult following]].<ref name=redemption>{{cite news |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=February 9, 2015 |title=The blu-ray redemption of Tank Girl: Director Rachel Talalay talks about her 1995 cult film's handsome rebirth on DVD |last=Volmers |first=Eric |work=[[Calgary Herald]] |date=March 6, 2014 |accessdate=February 9, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref>{{sfn|Barcella|2012|page=130}}{{sfn|Mathijs & Mendik|2007|page=9}} Petty's version of Tank Girl remains a popular character at [[cosplay]] events.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Cosplay of the Day: Don't Mess With Tank Girl Unless You Want to Get Bombed |last=Hayes |first1=Britt |date=February 22, 2013 |work=[[Screen Crush]] |access-date=July 17, 2015|archiveurl=|archivedate=October 15, 2015 |url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Tank Girl Anniversary Edition of the Funny, Sexy, And Awesome Cosplay of the Week |last=Panda |first1=Robo |date=March 27, 2015 |work=Uproxxx |access-date=July 17, 2015 }}</ref> The music video for [[Avril Lavigne]]'s 2013 song "[[Rock n Roll (Avril Lavigne song)|Rock n Roll]]" paid homage to ''Tank Girl''.<ref>{{cite news|last=E. Smith|first=Courtney|title=Avril Lavigne Pays Homage To 'Tank Girl' With 'Rock N Roll' Video|url=|accessdate=November 2, 2013||date=August 20, 2013|archiveurl=|archivedate=October 15, 2015|url-status=dead|df=mdy-all}}</ref> During her interview included on the Blu-ray release of the film in 2013, Petty was asked why she thinks the film still resonates with fans, and replied: "There's no formula as to why ''Tank Girl'' was so fabulous and why people love it so much&nbsp;... It was unique, it was new, it was fresh, it was way ahead of its time, and I'm happy that I got to do it and that I'll always have her."<ref>{{cite AV media |people=[[Lori Petty]] |year=2013 |title=Baseballs, Tanks and Bad Tattoos: An interview with Actress Lori Petty |medium=Blu-ray featurette}}</ref> Luke Buckmaster from the BBC included the film in his 2015 list of the "ten weirdest superhero films", asserting that: "at its best, director Rachel Talalay captures an ostentatious steampunk vibe that proves weirdly addictive."<ref>{{cite web |date= August 11, 2015 |last= Buckmaster |first= Luke |url= |archive-url= |archive-date=September 10, 2015 |title=The 10 weirdest superhero films |publisher=[[BBC]] |access-date=September 10, 2015 |url-status= live }}</ref>
It was reported in September 2019 that a reboot of the film was in early development with [[Margot Robbie]]'s production company [[LuckyChap Entertainment]], who optioned the rights from MGM.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Exclusive: Margot Robbie’s ‘Tank Girl’ Movie Lands Director Miles Joris-Peyrafitte |last=Sneider |first=Jeff |date=September 10, 2019 |work=[[Collider (website)|Collider]] |archiveurl= |archivedate=September 12, 2019 |url-status=live}}</ref>
* {{cite book |last=Barcella |first=Laura |date=July 24, 2012 |title=The End: 50 Apocalyptic Visions From Pop Culture That You Should Know About&nbsp;... Before It's Too Late |url= |location= |publisher=Zest Books |isbn= 978-0-9827322-5-0 |ref=harv}}
* {{cite book |last=Cartmell |first=Deborah |date=December 1, 1997 |title=Trash Aesthetics: Popular Culture and Its Audience |url= |publisher=[[Pluto Press]] |isbn=978-0-7453-1202-6 |ref=harv}}
* {{cite book |last=Lloyd |first=Emily |date=2014 |title=Wish I Was There |url= |publisher=John Blake Publishing |isbn=978-1782199588 |author-link=Emily Lloyd |ref=harv}}
* {{cite book |last=Mainon |first=Dominique |author-link=Dominique Mainon |date=March 1, 2006 |title=The Modern Amazons: Warrior Women On-Screen |url= |publisher=[[Limelight Editions]] |isbn=978-0-87910-327-9 |ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last1=Mathijs |first1=Ernest |author-link1=Ernest Mathijs |last2=Mendik |first2=Xavier |author-link2=Xavier Mendik |date=December 1, 2007 |title=The Cult Film Reader |url= |publisher=[[Open University Press]] |isbn=978-0-335-21923-0 |ref={{sfnRef|Mathijs & Mendik2007}} |archiveurl= |archivedate=October 15, 2015 |url-status=live }}
* {{cite book|last1=Mathijs |first1=Ernest |author-link1=Ernest Mathijs |last2=Sexton |first2=Jamie |date=April 22, 2011 |title=Cult Cinema |url= |publisher=[[Wiley-Blackwell]] |isbn=978-1-4051-7373-5 |ref={{sfnRef|Mathijs & Sexton2011}} |archiveurl= |archivedate=October 15, 2015 |url-status=live }}
* {{cite book |last=Shirley |first=Ian |date=August 22, 2005 |title=Can Rock & Roll Save The World?: An Illustrated History of Music And Comics |url= |publisher=SAF publishing |isbn=978-0-946719-80-8 |ref=harv}}
* {{cite book |title=The Making of Tank Girl |url= |last=Wynne |first=Frank |author-link= Frank Wynne |date=May 4, 1995 |publisher=[[Titan Books]] |isbn=978-1-85286-621-1 |ref=harv}}
==Further reading==
* {{cite book |last=Milligan |first=Peter |author-link= Peter Milligan |year=1995 |title=Tank Girl: Explosive Adaptation of the Hit Film! |publisher=[[DC Comics]] |page= |isbn=978-1-56389-219-6}}
* {{cite book |last=Millar |first=Martin |author-link= Martin Millar (writer) |date=1996 |title=Tank Girl: Novelisation |publisher=[[Penguin Group]] |isbn=978-0-14-024876-0 }}
==External links==
{{sister links|d=Q2300632|wikt=no|b=no|v=no|voy=no|n=no|s=no|m=no|mw=no|species=no|c=no}}
* {{IMDb title|0114614|Tank Girl}}
* {{Amg title|134610|Tank Girl}}
* {{Tcmdb title|92341|Tank Girl}}
* {{AFI film|60111|Tank Girl}}
* {{mojo title|tankgirl|Tank Girl}}
* {{rotten-tomatoes|tank_girl|Tank Girl}}
{{Dark Horse Comics films}}
{{Rachel Talalay}}
{{Authority control}}
{{Featured article}}
[[Category:1990s films]]
[[Category:1990s films]]
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